The Industrial Revolution originated in the late 18th century, pushing the world towards mass production. Vehicles, ships, and several types of machinery were made in a few weeks. Eventually, industrial advancement and economic competition led to better means of manufacturing, and new contrivances were invented.
In the wake of large scale industrialization, over the past two centuries, a competitive, scientifically driven, and profit-oriented system has developed all over the world. As of now, we have entered a post-PC period, also known as the Mobile Era. Recycling has become very crucial in the mobile era. There is an influx of upgraded varieties of electrical and electronic devices, replacing the outdated versions by the day. Where do the superseded phones, computers, medical equipment, and other contraptions end up? The fatal flaw of humanity – we turn the land into scrapyard; rivers and lakes into dumps. Such dross is known as electronic waste (e-waste), and it is scourging the earth, threatening humans and other species, and leads to colossal losses of salvageable resources. Let’s consider the severity of global e-waste situation below: